There is a treatment that resulted in a permanent cure, eczema usually heals over time. Most people can live comfortably with his eczema especially if they follow these recommendations. The treatment of atopic eczema includes the use of emollients, corticosteroids, antibiotics and antihistamines. In addition to these treatments is important to avoid aggravating factors of eczema are explained below.
1. Emollients: It is important to keep the skin soft and hydrated and reduce itching. The creams and emollients should be applied especially after bathing and whenever you notice dry skin, even if there is itching or red. Emollient should be applied after the bath, most often in the winter months and if you work in offices or places with air conditioning. There are plenty of emollients market traded, must find the one that is most convenient. You should try to apply it several times a day. Avoid lotions or creams that contain emollients perfume. The bath oil (mineral oil or lanolin) are well tolerated and helps keep skin hydrated. Creams containing urea are usually well tolerated, but in some cases can cause itching or stain. Salcura is one of the best products for the eczema treatment.
1. Corticosteroids: Corticosteroids are useful as anti-inflammatory agents when applied to eczema and are actually more topical medication used to control the lesions of atopic dermatitis. Corticosteroids may apply ointments or salves acids in very dry areas or in more liquid creams for skin folds or areas where lesions are exudative, and hair lotions areas. The potency of steroids is very varied. The corticosteroid hydrocortisone can be applied to the face or buttock without any problem. It can be applied safely even if used for a long time, but the face should be used intermittently. The more potent corticosteroids should be used only for short periods of time.Generally more potent corticosteroids should be avoided in the face, underarms, English as they can produce a marked thinning of the skin and other problems. Usually different creams are prescribed for different locations and situations. Corticosteroids should be applied twice a day outbreaks and when it comes to their control should try to space out your application. It is important to implement immediately after bathing when the skin is well hydrated. In cases of severe eczema you need to take corticosteroids by mouth or intramuscular, but generally must be made in short periods of time and under the supervision of a physician. Do not take steroids orally or intramuscularly if not prescribed specifically for the present outbreak.
2. Inhibitors topical calcineurin -recently may have a new class of topical medications, tacrolimus and pimecrolimus, which modify the response of lymphocytes involved in the lesions of atopic dermatitis, which have proved very useful in the treatment and control of moderate to severe atopic dermatitis, being particularly suitable for patients who do not have control of the disease after application of topical corticosteroids. These medications can be used for limited periods of time in patients over 2 years old and have not responded to standard treatments.
3. Antibiotics: Atopic dermatitis is often superinfected with bacteria, particularly Staphylococcus aureus, which aggravates the eczema and results in areas of oozing and crusting. To prevent and control infection is useful to use antiseptics such as permanganate baths, soaps, chlorhexidine or povidone-iodine, may also apply topical antibiotics such as mupirocin or fusidic acid in the most extensive oral antibiotics as cephalosporins, cloxacillin, amoxicillin or erythromycin.
4. Antihistamines: Antihistamines by mouth are helpful in controlling outbreaks of hives and itching may also lower in patients with atopy. Conventional antihistamines such as hydroxyzine (Atarax) are especially useful at night, but can cause drowsiness which may represent a beneficial effect for the affections of atopic dermatitis. Antihistamines such as cetirizine newer can also be useful and has fewer side effects.