– September, 4th 2013
In layman’s terms, eczema is a disease wherein the skin becomes inflamed and excessively dry, giving rise to eczema rash. The nature of these rashes vary but typically show one or more of a set of eczema symptoms.
Why do you get eczema?
Eczema is an extremely irritating condition. Exploring the genesis also appears elusive as no exact cause is revealed. But studies show a set of causal factors that can trigger the disease:
- Genes: Often, people who suffer from eczema are genetically predisposed or come from families with a history of asthma or other allergies.
- Skin defects: Sometimes, defects in the skin barrier release moisture from the skin on one hand and create an easy inlet for germs on the other.
- An overactive immune response: Sometimes, the skin is reactive to certain materials like soap, detergent etc. or to certain conditions like extreme heat or cold. An overactive immune response to such irritants can also lead to eczema.
- Eczema and Stress: Stress is thought to aggravate skin eczema.
Dryness and itching are the most common eczema symptoms. Itching subsequently leads to rashes and the most common sites where these rashes might occur are: the face, back of your knees, wrists, hands or feet. Among other conditions eczema causes are-
- Red and swollen skin, which eventually turns brown
- Crusting or flaking
- Skin blisters
- Cracking, Oozing and/or bleeding
It is not contagious and while it doesn’t have a cure, can be managed effectively with treatment.
While there is no permanent eczema cure, medication can help reduce dryness and itching. In some cases, eczema symptoms may lead to infection and effective antibiotic treatment can help control such cases. Treatment includes one or more of the following modes:
- Eczema Creams: Basically, eczema is a condition where the skin becomes dry, so creams and lotions that moisturize the skin help in relieving the dryness. They are best applied after a bath. They include over the counter products as well as prescriptions creams and ointments containing corticosteroids. In case of an infection, you may be prescribed antibiotic creams as well.
- Cold compresses: Cold compresses can also help to reduce eczema itching.
- Itch-reduction treatments: Antihistamines and tar treatments are often administered to relieve severe itching.
- Phototherapy: Ultraviolet rays are often applied to the skin to revive patients from eczema conditions.
Eczema Home remedies:
- Increase your consumption of omega 3 through foods such as avocadoes, fresh salmon, tuna, organic raw nuts, flax seeds etc.
- If you have an Aloe Vera plant in the neighborhood, then help is close at hand. Simply peel off the leaf and scoop out some fresh gel, applying it generously to the affected area. When mixed with Vitamin E oil, aloe vera gel works wonders on eczema symptoms.
- Cut up cucmber in thin slices and leave it to soak for a couple of hours. Then apply the liquid on the affected area with a clean cloth to relieve symptoms.
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