Infancy is the period of high incidence of food allergy, often acute onset and severity of different symptoms varied. Food allergy skin reactions are the most common clinical manifestations, such as eczema, rash, urticaria, etc., some patients with persistent diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, blood in the stool, there are a cough, throat itching, lips swelling, allergic rhinitis, serious anaphylactic shock may occur or stifle life-threatening.
Infant care to add supplementary food allergies! Therefore, adding parents to the baby food supplement, especially when introducing new food must be careful, to master the skills to add supplementary food to avoid or reduce the incidence of food allergy.
Baby easily cause food allergy in three
1. Infant gut barrier function of intestinal immature people have access at all times a large number of bacteria, viruses and a variety of food macromolecules, macromolecular substances as antigens in humans. Under normal circumstances, the intestinal mucosal barrier can effectively block the harmful macromolecules into the body, but other organs, systems, intestinal mucosal barrier from birth to adulthood have a mature process. Study confirmed that younger, more immature small intestinal structure, intestinal mucosal permeability the higher the macromolecules more easily absorbed by the small intestine, leading to allergies.
In addition, fewer neonatal gastric acid secretion, 2 years ago of intestinal protease activity did not reach adult levels. These factors are so easily through the intestinal mucosa of food antigens enter the body and cause allergies.
Of food allergy and genetic factors also have a couple of food allergies in late pregnancy had to beware of food allergies themselves, so as not to let the children indirectly through breast milk allergy. During lactation, the mother is more prone to allergies should avoid eating the food.
2. Note that the choice of complementary foods and add cultivars sequence study found that baby food are common allergens milk, eggs, peanuts, soybeans, fish and shrimp, shellfish, citrus fruits, wheat. Most food allergens are glycoproteins, about 40 different milk proteins may have sensitization, eggs, egg protein, egg protein, also can cause sticky allergy. Cod fish, soybean and peanuts also have a variety of antigens can induce allergy exists. In addition, some food additives such as artificial colors, preservatives, fragrances, etc. may also cause allergies. Therefore, the process of food supplement should not be too early introduction of such food.
First introduced to baby food supplement should be easy to digest, and not readily lead to food allergy, try eating rice flour can be used as the preferred food, followed by vegetables, fruit, and then try meat, fish, eggs. In short, complementary feeding in the order for the grain – Vegetables – meat, fish, eggs. Prone to causing allergic reactions to food such as egg white, peanuts, seafood, etc., should be provided until after 1 year of age.
3. To grasp the principle of gradual and orderly progress of the food supplement to add supplementary food for babies to master from one to many, from less to more, from fine to coarse, from thin to thick principle. Every time the introduction of new food should be a single food, a small start to observe the infant gastrointestinal tolerance and acceptability, to discover the new introduction of food-related symptoms, whether this can be found in baby food allergy, reduce the time eating a variety of food may bring adverse consequences.
In to the baby tried to eat a new food, the baby often poor feeding, lack of cooperation such as performance. Typically, this is the baby’s defensive instincts, can feed 2 to 3 days after stopping to try feeding. But sometimes baby food allergy reaction showed only a protective antifeedant behavior. If the baby continued to refuse a certain food, but also consider whether there is the possibility of food allergies.
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