Sinus is a pocket or cavity. We all have four pairs of such cavities. They are present in the facial area. These spaces or cavities are connected to our nasal passage for the flow of air and mucous.
The sinuses are layered with a mucous lining which have very tiny hair like structure called cilia. The function of cilia is to trap the germs and dust we breathe in through our nose. Therefore the sinus cavity protects our body by capturing the foreign particles entering our nose and throwing it out of the body through discharge. It also helps in moistening the air we inhale. These pockets lighten the weight of our skull and therefore ease the movement of the skull.
The four sinuses present are
1. Frontal: This is located above the eye, behind the forehead.
2. Maxillary: This is below the eyes, besides the nostrils on either side.
3. Ethmoid: This lie between the eyes near the starting of the bridge of the nose.
4. Sphenoid: This is located behind the ethmoid and eyes.
Sinusitis is a condition when either or more than one cavity mentioned above become inflamed and infected. In such a case, a person experiences pain and pressure in the facial area specially near the eyes and forehead. There is nasal discharge, tiredness and headache. If this condition carries on for a prolonged duration of time, it is called chronic sinusitis.
Usually the swelling or tenderness is at its worst in the mornings due to our sleeping position at night. As position becomes upright during day, the situation improves. Since this is directly connected to the nose, the symptoms of an irritant cavity show through a stuffy or flowing nose. There are antibiotics available in the market for the treatment of sinusitis. But some home remedies may be considered to provide some relief.
Some of the home remedies are as follows
1. Garlic: Including garlic in diet helps in this condition as garlic aids in mobilization of sticky mucous.
2. Onion: Onions help in opening up of the blocked cavity.
3. Fenugreek: Boil the fenugreek leaves in water and consume that water.
4. Cumin seeds: Roast the cumin seeds and then grind them into powder. Mix with little honey and take this. Alternatively you can tie the cumin seeds in a small cloth and inhale the smell.
5. Vitamin A: Vitamin A contributes in the maintenance of the mucous lining. Therefore eat food which is rich in vitamin A.
6. Vitamin C: Usually a common cold gives way to sinusitis. The germs enter the cavity and infect it. Vitamin C generally helps prevent cold.
7. Juices: Carrot juice, spinach and beet juice are known to be beneficial.
8. Steam inhalation: Steam inhalation is very useful. One should do it regularly. Adding a few drops of some oil like tea tree oil while inhaling steam is good.
Avoid strong smells that irritate the nose. Do not blow the nose too hard and clear out one nostril at a time. Application of a warm wash cloth on the affected areas on face might give some relief.